Failure of a 1-day high-dose quadruple therapy for cure of Helicobacter pylori infection

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1999 Feb;13(2):173-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2036.1999.00447.x.

Abstract

Background: The optimal duration of treatment for eradication of Helicobacter pylori has still to be defined. A 1-day high-dose quadruple therapy with a combination of amoxycillin (or tetracycline), metronidazole, a bismuth salt and a proton pump inhibitor has led to eradication rates of 57-77%. In view of the high frequency of metronidazole-resistant strains of H. pylori in Europe, we hypothesized that by using clarithromycin in place of metronidazole and by increasing the dose of proton pump inhibitor, the efficacy of a 1-day high-dose quadruple therapy could be improved.

Methods: Patients were randomized to receive either amoxycillin 1000 mg b.d., clarithromycin 500 mg b.d. and lansoprazole 30 mg b.d. for 7 days, or amoxycillin 2000 mg q.d.s., clarithromycin 500 mg q.d.s., lansoprazole 30 mg t.d.s. and bismuth subcitrate 240 mg q.d.s. for 1 day.

Results: It was originally intended to include 100 patients. The first planned interim analysis performed after follow-up was completed for 30 patients revealed H. pylori eradication rates of 80% (12/15) in the 7-day triple therapy group and 20% (3/15) in the 1-day quadruple therapy group, the difference being highly significant (P = 0.003). Because the efficacy of the 1-day treatment was so low, the study was stopped for ethical reasons. Eleven patients who failed with the 1-day treatment were re-treated with the 7-day triple therapy: the eradication rate was 91% (10/11).

Conclusions: One-day high-dose quadruple therapy with amoxycillin, clarithromycin, lansoprazole and bismuth subcitrate is dramatically less effective than the classic 7-day triple therapy with the same antibiotics.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy*
  • Helicobacter pylori*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Failure