In this article the effects of different cut-off points for hypertension treatment are analysed, with respect to treatment costs. A theoretical blood pressure distribution is used to calculate the potential annual cost of treating all persons in Sweden above certain cut-off points for drug treatment. A lowering of the cut-off point from 105 mm Hg to 100 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure could potentially lead to an increase in annual costs of approximately 80m pounds. Further lowering from 100 to 95 mm Hg in turn could increase annual costs by about 110m pounds. The potential annual cost of treating all persons (roughly 1.6 million) with a diastolic blood pressure of greater than or equal to 95 mm Hg with drugs is calculated as being roughly 40 pounds per inhabitant in Sweden. The Swedish cut-off point for treatment (95 mm Hg) can be expected to lead to roughly 50 per cent higher treatment costs than the British cut-off point (100 mm Hg).