Two shorter forms of the CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression) depression symptoms index

J Aging Health. 1993 May;5(2):179-93. doi: 10.1177/089826439300500202.


Brief measurement devices can alleviate respondent burden and lower refusal rates in surveys. This article reports on a field test of two shorter forms of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) symptoms index in a multisite survey of persons 65 and older. Factor analyses demonstrate that the briefer forms tap the same symptoms dimensions as does the original CES-D, and reliability statistics indicate that they sacrifice little precision. Simple transformations are presented to how scores from the briefer forms can be compared to those of the original.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Boston / epidemiology
  • Connecticut / epidemiology
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment*
  • Geriatric Psychiatry
  • Health Services Research / methods
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Iowa / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / standards*
  • Reproducibility of Results