The incidence of mandated maternity benefits

Am Econ Rev. 1994 Jun;84(3):622-41.


I consider the labor-market effects of mandates which raise the costs of employing a demographically identifiable group. The efficiency of these policies will be largely dependent on the extent to which their costs are shifted to group-specific wages. I study several state and federal mandates which stipulated that childbirth be covered comprehensively in health insurance plans, raising the relative cost of insuring women of childbearing age. I find substantial shifting of the costs of these mandates to the wages of the targeted group. Correspondingly, I find little effect on total labor input for that group.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cost Allocation / trends
  • Data Collection
  • Employer Health Costs / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Benefit Plans, Employee / economics
  • Health Benefit Plans, Employee / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Health Benefit Plans, Employee / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Insurance Benefits / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Insurance Benefits / statistics & numerical data
  • Maternal Health Services / economics*
  • Maternal Health Services / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Maternal Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Pregnancy
  • Regression Analysis
  • Salaries and Fringe Benefits / trends
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States