Complex, humanitarian emergencies: III. Measures of effectiveness

Prehosp Disaster Med. Jan-Mar 1995;10(1):48-56. doi: 10.1017/s1049023x00041662.


Complex humanitarian emergencies lack a mechanism to coordinate, communicate, assess, and evaluate response and outcome for the major participants (United Nations, International Committee of the Red Cross, non-governmental organizations and military forces). Success in these emergencies will depend on the ability to accomplish agreed upon measures of effectiveness (MOEs). A recent civil-military humanitarian exercise demonstrated the ability of participants to develop consensus-driven MOEs. These MOEs combined security measures utilized by the military with humanitarian indicators recognized by relief organizations. Measures of effectiveness have the potential to be a unifying disaster management tool and a partial solution to the communication and coordination problems inherent in these complex emergencies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disaster Planning / standards*
  • Emergencies
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Relief Work / standards*