EuroQol: the current state of play

Health Policy. 1996 Jul;37(1):53-72. doi: 10.1016/0168-8510(96)00822-6.


The EuroQol Group first met in 1987 to test the feasibility of jointly developing a standardised non-disease-specific instrument for describing and valuing health-related quality of life. From the outset the Group has been multi-country, multi-centre, and multi-disciplinary. The EuroQol instrument is intended to complement other forms of quality of life measures, and it has been purposefully developed to generate a cardinal index of health, thus giving it considerable potential for use in economic evaluation. Considerable effort has been invested by the Group in the development and valuation aspects of health status measurement. Earlier work was reported upon in 1990; this paper is a second 'corporate' effort detailing subsequent developments. The concepts underlying the EuroQol framework are explored with particular reference to the generic nature of the instrument. The valuation task is reviewed and some evidence on the methodological requirements for measurement is presented. A number of special issues of considerable interest and concern to the Group are discussed: the modelling of data, the duration of health states and the problems surrounding the state 'dead'. An outline of some of the applications of the EuroQol instrument is presented and a brief commentary on the Group's ongoing programme of work concludes the paper.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Death
  • Europe
  • Health Services Research / methods*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Observer Variation
  • Quality-Adjusted Life Years*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Value of Life*