The relationships among gender, perceived financial barriers to care, and health status in a rural population

J Rural Health. Summer 1996;12(3):188-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.1996.tb00793.x.


This study examined the relationships among gender, perceived financial barriers to health care, and selected health status indicators in a randomly selected rural Appalachian sample. The data were gathered through the Johnson County Health Survey. The survey was conducted through personal interviews with 207 females and 178 males representing 197 households. The Duke Health Profile was used to measure the perceived health of the respondents. Analysis of variance, t tests, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Analysis of the data revealed that women perceive financial barriers to health care significantly more than men (P < 0.01), even when living in the same household; women had significantly poorer health than men (P < 0.01); and both women and men with perceived financial barriers experienced poorer health (P < 0.01) than those who did not perceive such barriers. Conclusions from the study suggest that in this rural sample women were the most compromised by both gender and health status, and that they perceived that their health care needs were not being adequately met.

MeSH terms

  • Community Health Centers / economics
  • Community Health Centers / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility / economics*
  • Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Health Services Research
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Rural Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Rural Health Services / economics
  • Rural Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Sex Factors*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tennessee