Allergic diseases of the lids, conjunctiva, and cornea

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 1997 Aug;8(4):25-30. doi: 10.1097/00055735-199708000-00004.


Allergic ocular diseases are frequently encountered in the ophthalmologic practice. The term covers a wide array of severity, ranging from seasonal allergic conjunctivitis to the sight-threatening variant of atopic keratoconjunctivitis. The pathophysiology of these diseases is complex. Recent studies showed that nerve growth factor and interleukin IV, seem to play a role in these mechanisms.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / adverse effects
  • Anti-Allergic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Conjunctivitis, Allergic / diagnosis
  • Conjunctivitis, Allergic / etiology*
  • Conjunctivitis, Allergic / therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eyelid Diseases / diagnosis
  • Eyelid Diseases / etiology*
  • Eyelid Diseases / therapy
  • Humans


  • Allergens
  • Anti-Allergic Agents