The purpose of the study was to determine whether blood glucose monitoring strips influence the management of patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) in the primary care setting. The medical records of 115 patients with NIDDM taking a sulfonylurea drug (oral hypoglycemic agent) during the review period were randomly selected for review. Patients were divided into two groups: those who did not receive a prescription for blood glucose monitoring strips during 1995 and 1996 and those who did for the same 2 years. The main outcome measures were hemoglobin A1c, blood sugar, number of laboratory tests ordered, and number and type of treatment interventions. No statistically significant differences between groups were noted for any measured parameter. Glucose control was independent of number of strips dispensed. Home glucose monitoring strips did not affect the management of patients with NIDDM taking a sulfonylurea agent in the primary care setting.