The dorsal ganglion of the wrist: its pathogenesis, gross and microscopic anatomy, and surgical treatment

J Hand Surg Am. 1976 Nov;1(3):228-35. doi: 10.1016/s0363-5023(76)80042-1.


During a period of 25 years, 500 dorsal ganglions of the wrist were treated surgically. Three hundred and forty-six were followed for a minimum of 9 months; there were three recurrences. Dissection of the cysts under magnification of six to 25 times and serial microscopic studies showed evidence of a one way, valvelike system between the scapholunate joint and the ganglion. Stress, as a cause of ganglions, is suggested. Operative treatment involved excising all attachments to the scapholunate ligament.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recurrence
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Synovial Cyst* / pathology
  • Synovial Cyst* / surgery
  • Wrist*