A 10-year-old retarded child was seen by an ophthalmologist because of strabismus. Examination of the optic nerve heads revealed cupping consistant with glaucoma and initiated a referral. The appearance of this girl, with flat-broad based thumbs and toes, small head, low set ears, high arched brows, antimongoloid slant to the eyes, high arched palate, associated with mental retardation, and strabismus suggested the Rubinstein-Tabyi Syndrome. Gonioscopy revealed a high iris insertion, while tonometry indicated mildly elevated pressures in the right eye. Examination of the optic nerve heads showed large glaucomatous type cups, more so on the right with compromise of the temporal rim. Trabeculectomy was effective in controlling the intraocular pressure in the right eye. The association of juvenile glaucoma with the Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome requires that ophthalmic referral to assess glaucoma be an essential part of the evaluation.