Everyday memory deficits in children and adolescents with PTSD: performance on the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test

J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1999 Mar;40(3):357-61.


Adult post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients often report a wide range of cognitive problems in memory, concentration, attention, planning, and judgement. Evaluation of these cognitive aspects of PTSD in adults has helped to define the nature of the disorder. However, there is a paucity of such work in younger subjects. This study has employed the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMT) to examine cognitive factors in children and adolescents with PTSD. Eighteen child and adolescent patients with PTSD and 22 control subjects completed the test. PTSD subjects showed poorer overall memory performance compared with controls. Specifically, they were worse on the prospective and orientation items of the RBMT. The results are discussed in the light of research on everyday memory in adults with PTSD.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Cognition Disorders / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events*
  • London
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders / etiology*
  • Memory Disorders / physiopathology
  • Memory, Short-Term / physiology
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Orientation / physiology
  • Retention, Psychology / physiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / complications*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / physiopathology
  • Survivors / psychology*
  • Volition / physiology