Interleukin-1 receptor cluster: gene organization of IL1R2, IL1R1, IL1RL2 (IL-1Rrp2), IL1RL1 (T1/ST2), and IL18R1 (IL-1Rrp) on human chromosome 2q

Genomics. 1999 Apr 1;57(1):177-9. doi: 10.1006/geno.1999.5767.


The family of interleukin-1 receptor-like genes currently has six known members. We have constructed a contig of 10 overlapping human PAC clones that covers 530 kb and includes five of the six family members. The termini of the contig were mapped to the interval between D2S373 and D2S176 (chromosome 2q12) by radiation hybrid mapping. The contig contains the genes (cen --> tel), in the order given, for the type II interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor (IL1R2), the type I IL-1 receptor (IL1R1), the IL-1 receptor-related protein 2 (IL1RL2), T1/ST2/fit-1 (IL1RL1), and the IL-1 receptor-related protein 1, which has recently been shown to be a component of the IL-18 receptor (IL18R1). We show that all the genes are transcribed in the same direction, with IL1R2 being transcribed toward the cluster. The only known family member that is absent from the human contig is the IL-1 receptor accessory protein gene (IL1RAP), which maps to 3q28.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Southern
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2*
  • Contig Mapping
  • Gene Library
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Models, Genetic
  • Multigene Family*
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Receptors, Interleukin-1 / genetics*
  • Restriction Mapping


  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Receptors, Interleukin-1