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. 1999 Apr 9;287(4):727-40.
doi: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.2639.

Selection of Cleavage Site by Mammalian tRNA 3' Processing Endoribonuclease

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Selection of Cleavage Site by Mammalian tRNA 3' Processing Endoribonuclease

M Nashimoto et al. J Mol Biol. .

Abstract

Mammalian tRNA 3' processing endoribonuclease (3' tRNase) removes 3' trailers from pre-tRNAs by cleaving the RNA immediately downstream of the discriminator nucleotide. Although 3' tRNase can recognize and cleave any target RNA that forms a pre-tRNA-like complex with another RNA, in some cases cleavage occurs at multiple sites near the discriminator. We investigated what features of pre-tRNA determine the cleavage site using various pre-tRNAArg variants and purified pig enzyme. Because the T stem-loop and the acceptor stem plus a 3' trailer are sufficient for recognition by 3' tRNase, we constructed variants that had additions and/or deletions of base-pairs in the T stem and/or the acceptor stem. Pre-tRNAs lacking one and two acceptor stem base-pairs were cleaved one and two nucleotides and two and three nucleotides, respectively, downstream of the discriminator. On the other hand, pre-tRNA variants containing extra acceptor stem base-pairs were cleaved only after the discriminator. The cleavage site was shifted to one and two nucleotides downstream of the discriminator by deleting one base-pair from the T stem, but was not changed by additional base-pairs in the T stem. Pre-tRNA variants that contained an eight base-pair acceptor stem plus a six base-pair T stem, an eight base-pair acceptor stem plus a four base-pair T stem, or a six base-pair acceptor stem plus a six base-pair T stem were all cleaved after the original nucleotide. In general, pre-tRNA variants containing a total of more than 11 bp in the acceptor stem and the T stem were cleaved only after the discriminator, and pre-tRNA variants with a total of N bp (N is less than 12) were cleaved 12-N and 13-N nt downstream of the discriminator. Cleavage efficiency of the variants decreased depending on the degree of structural changes from the authentic pre-tRNA. This suggests that the numbers of base-pairs of both the acceptor stem and the T stem are important for recognition and cleavage by 3' tRNase.

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