Degradation of pinene by Bacillus pallidus BR425

Biodegradation. 1998;9(5):337-41. doi: 10.1023/a:1008304603734.


An aerobic thermophile has been isolated from an alpha-pinene enrichment culture. The isolate, which was designated BR425, has been tentatively identified as Bacillus pallidus using 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and organism morphology. Monophasic and biphasic incubations of BR425 cells with alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, and limonene yielded a number of oxidized monoterpene metabolites with carveol as a common metabolite. A pinene degradation pathway with carveol and carvone as central metabolic intermediates is suggested.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus / genetics
  • Bacillus / isolation & purification
  • Bacillus / metabolism*
  • Bicyclic Monoterpenes
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds / metabolism
  • Cyclohexenes
  • Limonene
  • Monoterpenes*
  • RNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Terpenes / metabolism*


  • Bicyclic Monoterpenes
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds
  • Cyclohexenes
  • Monoterpenes
  • RNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Terpenes
  • beta-pinene
  • Limonene
  • alpha-pinene