Background: In this study, the authors evaluated the prognostic significance of the expression of nucleolar antigen p120, along with other cell proliferation-associated proteins, in prostate adenocarcinomas (PACs) and compared the results with previously reported data on p34cdc2 cyclin-dependent kinase (p34 cdk).
Methods: Archival sections from 132 PACs were immunostained with monoclonal antibodies against p120, cyclin A, cyclin B1, Ki-67, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The DNA content of each tumor was determined by the Feulgen method using image analysis. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) results were correlated with tumor grade, stage, margin positivity, metastasis, ploidy, and postsurgical disease recurrence.
Results: The overall positivity for the various proteins follows: p120, 36%; cyclin A, 35%; cyclin B1, 43%; Ki-67, 46%; and PCNA, 32%. p120 correlated with grade (P = 0.004), stage (P = 0.01), ploidy (P = 0.02), margin positivity (P = 0.03), and metastasis (P = 0.004). Cyclin B1 correlated with ploidy (P = 0.04) and grade (P = 0.05), Ki-67 with grade (P = 0.02) and margins (P = 0.03), and PCNA with grade (P = 0.01). Significant coexpression among these proteins was noted, as was a significant association between the expression of these markers and that previously reported for p34 cdk. In univariate analysis, p120 (P = 0.01), cyclin A (P = 0.01) and p34 cdk (P = 0.002) correlated with disease recurrence. In multivariate analysis of all these proteins, only p34 cdk independently predicted postsurgical recurrence (P = 0.05).
Conclusions: Nucleolar antigen p120 expression appears to be an additional marker of aggressiveness in PACs. The significant coexpression of the various cell cycle regulatory proteins support their collective role in tumor cell proliferation, with p34 cdk positivity being an independent predictor of postsurgical recurrence.