We reviewed the clinical and pathological characteristics of seven patients with collapsing glomerulopathy (CG) in renal allograft biopsy specimens. All patients underwent biopsies for graft dysfunction. Two patients had nephrotic proteinuria (protein, >3.5 g/24 h), whereas all others had only modest or insignificant proteinuria. In five of seven patients, additional pathological processes, including microvascular injury, acute rejection, recurrent diabetic nephropathy, and immune complex glomerulonephritis, were present, each of which likely contributed to graft dysfunction and proteinuria. None of the patients in this series had nephrotic syndrome solely attributable to CG. Three biopsy specimens had features consistent with chronic rejection. The development of CG in renal allograft biopsy specimens was associated with graft dysfunction and a high rate of graft loss. These findings emphasize the prognostic significance of CG in renal allografts and suggest that CG may result from diverse pathogenic mechanisms.