Toll-like receptor-4 mediates lipopolysaccharide-induced signal transduction

J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 16;274(16):10689-92. doi: 10.1074/jbc.274.16.10689.


TLR4 is a member of the recently identified Toll-like receptor family of proteins and has been putatively identified as Lps, the gene necessary for potent responses to lipopolysaccharide in mammals. In order to determine whether TLR4 is involved in lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway, HEK 293 cells were transiently transfected with human TLR4 cDNA and an NF-kappaB-dependent luciferase reporter plasmid followed by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide/CD14 complexes. The results demonstrate that lipopolysaccharide stimulates NF-kappaB-mediated gene expression in cells transfected with the TLR4 gene in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Furthermore, E5531, a lipopolysaccharide antagonist, blocked TLR4-mediated transgene activation in a dose-dependent manner (IC50 approximately 30 nM). These data demonstrate that TLR4 is involved in lipopolysaccharide signaling and serves as a cell-surface co-receptor for CD14, leading to lipopolysaccharide-mediated NF-kappaB activation and subsequent cellular events.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Line
  • Cricetinae
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Humans
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 4
  • Toll-Like Receptors


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • TLR4 protein, human
  • Toll-Like Receptor 4
  • Toll-Like Receptors