Expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein in endometrial carcinomas: correlation with clinicopathology and prognosis

Ann Diagn Pathol. 1999 Apr;3(2):81-7. doi: 10.1016/s1092-9134(99)80034-3.


The objective of the study reported here was to investigate the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) in endometrial carcinomas and to evaluate the relationship between its expression and clinical data. Using immunohistochemistry, we examined MRP expression in 15 normal endometria, 10 cases of endometrial hyperplasia, and 64 cases of endometrial carcinoma. The normal endometrial glands were weakly immunopositive throughout the menstrual cycle. In addition, we found a progressive increase in the MRP expression of the endometrial hyperplasias. Of the 64 cases of endometrial carcinoma, 62 (97%) expressed MRP. Of these 62 cases, 34 (55%) showed strong immunostaining (>/=50%) and 28 (45%) showed weak immunostaining (<50%). In particular, the intensity of the immunostaining was very strong in 25 (71%) of the 35 grade 1 carcinomas. There was a significant difference in MRP expression between the grade 1 carcinomas and the more poorly differentiated carcinomas (grade 2 or grade 3) (P <.01), especially at stages 1a and 1b (P <.001). However, beyond stage 1c, there was no significant difference in MRP immunoreactivity between the histologic differentiations. Furthermore, beyond stage 1c, those patients with strongly MRP-positive carcinomas had a relatively poorer survival rate than those with weakly MRP-positive carcinomas (P <.05). We concluded that MRP immunoreactivity was already present in normal endometrium and showed a progressive increase from endometrial hyperplasia to well-differentiated carcinoma. Beyond stage 1c, strongly MRP-positive carcinoma indicated a poorer survival rate.

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma / mortality
  • Carcinoma / pathology
  • Carcinoma / surgery
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple / physiology*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / mortality
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery
  • Endometrium / metabolism
  • Endometrium / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia / metabolism
  • Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Middle Aged
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins
  • Postmenopause
  • Premenopause
  • Prognosis
  • Survival Rate


  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins