Wagner syndrome (WGN1; MIM 143200), an autosomal dominant vitreoretinopathy characterized by chorioretinal atrophy, cataract, and retinal detachment, is linked to 5q14.3. Other vitreoretinopathies without systemic stigmata, including erosive vitreoretinopathy, are also linked to this region and are likely to be allelic. Within the critical region lie genes encoding two extracellular macromolecules, link protein (CRTL1) and versican (CSPG2), which are important in binding hyaluronan, a significant component of the mammalian vitreous gel, and which therefore represent excellent candidates for Wagner syndrome. Genetic mapping presented here in two further families reduces the critical region to approximately 2 cM. Subsequent refinement of the physical map allows ordering of known polymorphic microsatellites and excludes CRTL1 as a likely candidate for the disorder. CSPG2 is shown to lie within the critical region; however, analysis of the complete coding region of the mature peptide reveals no clear evidence that it is the gene underlying WGN1.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.