Brefeldin A acts to stabilize an abortive ARF-GDP-Sec7 domain protein complex: involvement of specific residues of the Sec7 domain

Mol Cell. 1999 Mar;3(3):275-85. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(00)80455-4.


We demonstrate that the major in vivo targets of brefeldin A (BFA) in the secretory pathway of budding yeast are the three members of the Sec7 domain family of ARF exchange factors: Gea1p and Gea2p (functionally interchangeable) and Sec7p. Specific residues within the Sec7 domain are important for BFA inhibition of ARF exchange activity, since mutations in these residues of Gea1p (sensitive to BFA) and of ARNO (resistant to BFA) reverse the sensitivity of each to BFA in vivo and in vitro. We show that the target of BFA inhibition of ARF exchange activity is an ARF-GDP-Sec7 domain protein complex, and that BFA acts to stabilize this complex to a greater extent for a BFA-sensitive Sec7 domain than for a resistant one.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Brefeldin A / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins*
  • Gene Dosage
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors*
  • Guanosine Diphosphate / metabolism*
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / drug effects*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Fungal Proteins
  • GEA1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Sec7 guanine nucleotide exchange factors
  • cytohesin-2
  • Guanosine Diphosphate
  • Brefeldin A
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors