Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 7 (1), 77-95

The Biomechanics of Running


The Biomechanics of Running

TF Novacheck. Gait Posture.


This review article summarizes the current literature regarding the analysis of running gait. It is compared to walking and sprinting. The current state of knowledge is presented as it fits in the context of the history of analysis of movement. The characteristics of the gait cycle and its relationship to potential and kinetic energy interactions are reviewed. The timing of electromyographic activity is provided. Kinematic and kinetic data (including center of pressure measurements, raw force plate data, joint moments, and joint powers) and the impact of changes in velocity on these findings is presented. The status of shoewear literature, alterations in movement strategies, the role of biarticular muscles, and the springlike function of tendons are addressed. This type of information can provide insight into injury mechanisms and training strategies. Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Similar articles

  • Contributions to the Understanding of Gait Control
    EB Simonsen. Dan Med J 61 (4), B4823. PMID 24814597. - Review
    This thesis is based on ten published articles. The experimental work was carried out at the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen. The aim was to investig …
  • Patterns of Mechanical Energy Change in Tetrapod Gait: Pendula, Springs and Work
    AA Biewener. J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol 305 (11), 899-911. PMID 17029267. - Review
    Kinematic and center of mass (CoM) mechanical variables used to define terrestrial gaits are compared for various tetrapod species. Kinematic variables (limb phase, duty …
  • Biomechanics of Walking, Running, and Sprinting
    RA Mann et al. Am J Sports Med 8 (5), 345-50. PMID 7416353.
    A biomechanical study of 13 runners which consisted of 2 male sprinters, 5 experienced joggers, and 6 elite long-distance runners were studied. We obtained hip, knee, and …
  • Dynamic Foot Biomechanics
    MM Rodgers. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 21 (6), 306-16. PMID 7655474. - Review
    Since clinicians often encounter patients with symptomatic feet, a basic understanding of "normal" foot function during movement is important for comparison and to assist …
  • Lower Limb Joint Kinetics During Moderately Sloped Running
    G Telhan et al. J Athl Train 45 (1), 16-21. PMID 20064043.
    Running style modifications associated with running on moderate slopes did not manifest as changes in 3-dimensional joint moments or in the active peaks of the ground rea …
See all similar articles

Cited by 106 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources