Postural sway and balance testing: a comparison of normal and anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees

Gait Posture. 1998 Oct 1;8(2):136-142. doi: 10.1016/s0966-6362(98)00023-x.


The purpose of this study was to assess postural sway and balance in normal and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient (ACLD) knees. Performance was assessed in 15 ACLD and 15 matched control (CON) subjects whilst standing on a postural sway meter and on a balance board. On both pieces of apparatus subjects attempted to maintain balance for 30 s under six different conditions; (1) and (2) standing on both legs with eyes open and closed; (3) and (4) standing on the injured leg with eyes open and closed; and (5) and (6) standing on the non-injured leg with eyes open and closed. Performance on the postural sway meter and balance board deteriorated significantly when both ACLD and CON stood on one leg (P<0.01), and when eyes were closed (P<0.01). This was independent of whether the leg was injured or not. The interaction of vision loss and single leg stance resulted in a significant deterioration in balance board performance on the injured leg compared to the non-injured leg in the ACLD group. Results suggest that use of a postural sway meter for predicting function and stability during dynamic activities in ACLD subjects may be inappropriate. Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.