ALG-2 is a EF hand calcium binding protein with sequence homologies to calmodulin. Vito et al have shown that ALG-2 expression is required for apoptosis following a number of death stimuli,1 although nothing is known about the effectors which underlie ALG-2 function. Here we have used ALG-2 as bait in a yeast two hybrid screen of a mouse brain cDNA library. We found that ALG-2 binds to itself and to a novel protein that we call ALG-2 interacting protein X, Alix. Using co-immunoprecipitation experiments, we confirmed ALG-2/ALG-2 binding and demonstrated that this interaction is calcium independent. ALG-2/Alix interaction was also validated by co-immunoprecipitation, but in this case, the binding was found to be strictly calcium dependent. Alix seems highly conserved throughout evolution since it shows significant homologies to a putative C. elegans protein (YNK-1) and to proteins of A. nidulans (PalA) and S. cerevisiae (BRO1). Alix is a potential regulator or downstream effector of ALG-2 action.