Mechanisms of lipid-body formation

Trends Biochem Sci. 1999 Mar;24(3):109-15. doi: 10.1016/s0968-0004(98)01349-8.


Most organisms transport or store neutral lipids as lipid bodies - lipid droplets that usually are bounded by specific proteins and (phospho)lipid. Neutral-lipid bodies vary considerably in their morphology and are associated with an extremely diverse range of proteins. However, the mechanisms by which they are generated in plants, animals and microorganisms appear to share many common features: lipid bodies probably arise from microdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum (or the plasma membrane in prokaryotes) that contain lipid-biosynthesis enzymes, and their synthesis and size appear to be controlled by specific protein components.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipocytes / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Milk / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Organelles / metabolism
  • Plants / metabolism
  • Prokaryotic Cells
  • Yeasts / metabolism