Measuring pretest-posttest change with a Rasch Rating Scale Model

J Outcome Meas. 1999;3(2):134-61.


When measures are taken on the same individual over time, it is difficult to determine whether observed differences are the result of changes in the person or changes in other facets of the measurement situation (e.g., interpretation of items or use of rating scale). This paper describes a method for disentangling changes in persons from changes in the interpretation of Likert-type questionnaire items and the use of rating scales (Wright, 1996a). The procedure relies on anchoring strategies to create a common frame of reference for interpreting measures that are taken at different times and provides a detailed illustration of how to implement these procedures using FACETS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Educational Measurement
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • Psychometrics / methods*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Time Factors