The conditions in which the image intensity of vessels transporting laminar flow is attenuated in black-blood MR angiography (BB-MRA) with turbo spin-echo (TSE) and conventional spin-echo (CSE) pulse sequences are investigated experimentally with a flow phantom, studied theoretically by means of a Bloch equation-voxel sensitivity function (VSF) formalism, and computer modeled. The experiments studied the effects of: a) flow velocity, b) imaging axes orientation relative to the flow direction, and c) phase encoding order of the TSE train. The formulated Bloch equation-VSF theory describes flow effects in two-dimensional (2D)- and 3D-Fourier transform magnetic resonance imaging. In this theoretical framework, the main attenuation mechanism instrumental to BB-MRA, i.e., transverse magnetization dephasing caused by flow in the presence of the imaging gradients, is described in terms of flow-induced distortions of the individual voxel sensitivity functions. The computer simulations predict that the intraluminal homogeneity and extent of flow-induced image intensity attenuation increase as a function of decreasing vessel diameter, in support of the superior image quality achieved with TSE-based BB-MRA in the brain.