Glutathione and glutathione-related enzymes in reproduction. A review

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1999 Feb;82(2):171-84. doi: 10.1016/s0301-2115(98)00242-5.


Glutathione and glutathione-related enzymes are pivotal for the normal functioning of several important biological processes in humans. Glutathione and glutathione-related enzymes are involved in the metabolism and detoxification of cytotoxic and carcinogenic compounds as well as reactive oxygen species. The role of reactive oxygen species in reproduction was the subject of many investigations, and there is compelling evidence for the involvement of these species in the physiology and pathology of both male and female reproductive systems. The glutathione/glutathione-related enzyme system was extensively studied in gynaecological oncology, but to a lesser extent in other topics related to reproduction. In this paper a review is provided on the glutathione/glutathione-related enzyme system in reproduction. Attention is given to its role as a detoxicating system, and as an early marker for disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Glutathione / metabolism*
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism*
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Reproduction / physiology*
  • Reproductive Techniques


  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Glutathione