Smoking policies and practices in a state-supported residential system for people with mental retardation

Am J Ment Retard. 1999 Mar;104(2):131-42. doi: 10.1352/0895-8017(1999)104<0131:SPAPIA>2.0.CO;2.


Smoking policies and smoking practices of residents and employees in a state-supported residential system were investigated. Smoking policies existed in almost every agency, although state- and vendor-operated programs had vastly different policies. State-operated programs prohibited employees from smoking in residences and restricted residents who smoked to designated areas. One third of vendor-operated agencies allowed residents and staff members to smoke in designated areas, whereas one quarter stipulated that residences be smoke-free. Smoking among employees was higher and among residents lower than in the general population. The feasibility of specific approaches to reduce passive smoking and attitudes and beliefs about human rights issues related to smoking are presented.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Personnel / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Human Rights / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / epidemiology
  • Intellectual Disability / rehabilitation*
  • Male
  • Massachusetts
  • Organizational Policy*
  • Persons with Mental Disabilities / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Persons with Mental Disabilities / rehabilitation
  • Policy Making
  • Prevalence
  • Residential Facilities / organization & administration*
  • Residential Facilities / standards
  • Residential Facilities / statistics & numerical data
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data
  • Smoking Prevention*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control*


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution