The histogenesis of meningothelial-like nodule or so-called minute pulmonary chemodectoma remains unclear, with various immunohistochemical analyses giving inconsistent results. We performed an immunohistochemical and clonal analysis of minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules. Thirty-one histologically defined meningothelial-like nodules in 14 cases were stained immunohistochemically. One case had multiple lesions with brown pigment granules, which were positively stained with Berlin blue method, indicating the presence of hemosiderin. All meningothelial-like nodules were positive for vimentin and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), but not for S-100 protein, chromogranin A, or synaptophysin. Five of 13 cases (13 of 28 lesions) were positive for CD68 by KP-1. Ten cases (24 lesions) stained for CD68 by PG-M1 were weakly positive. All lesions were negative for lysozyme, myosin, actin, keratin, and melanoma-associated antigen. Alveolar macrophages were intensely positive for CD68 and lysozyme in all examined cases. We analyzed the clonality of 11 minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodule lesions in two female cases based on an X-chromosome-linked polymorphic marker, the human androgen receptor gene (HUMARA). The HUMARA was found to be amplified with or without prior digestion by the methylation-sensitive restriction endonuclease HpaII. Six of 11 lesions showed monoclonal expansion. Five lesions in a multiple case showed different patterns of monoclonality. Our findings showed that minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules have meningothelial-like and phagocytic characteristics but no muscular phenotype. Furthermore, some minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules may show monoclonal expansion, whereas others are polyclonal. Our data indicate that minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules are reactive rather than neoplastic.