Motor coordination and kinaesthesis in boys with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1999 Mar;41(3):159-65. doi: 10.1017/s0012162299000341.


In the current study, movement ability and underlying kinaesthetic processes of boys with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared with a group of control children. Two groups of 16 boys with either predominantly inattentive subtype ADHD (ADHD-PI) or combined subtype ADHD (ADHD-C) were compared with 16 control boys matched on age and verbal IQ. The findings demonstrated that the children with ADHD had significantly poorer movement ability than the control children. A high percentage of children with ADHD displayed movement difficulties consistent with developmental coordination disorder. In addition, the current study found that the type and degree of movement difficulty differed between subtypes. Children with ADHD-PI had significantly poorer fine motor skill while children with ADHD-C were found to experience significantly greater difficulty with gross motor skill. The severity of the children's inattentive symptomatology was found to be a significant predictor of motor coordination difficulties. Kinaesthetic sensitivity was not found to differ significantly between the groups.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / complications*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders / complications
  • Child Behavior Disorders / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Kinesthesis
  • Male
  • Motion Perception / physiology*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / complications*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / diagnosis
  • Perceptual Disorders / complications*
  • Perceptual Disorders / diagnosis
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Wechsler Scales