Purpose: The aim of this study was to present the strategy of a one-stage repair of Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) performed via a transanal approach.
Methods: Ten consecutive neonates and one toddler underwent transanal repair for biopsy-proven HD. A rectosigmoid transition zone was suggested by contrast enema in all patients. The mean age at operation for the neonates was 4 days. A mucosal dissection was begun 0.5 cm proximal to the dentate line. Once the correct plane was established, up to 15 cm of bowel can be resected without ligating vessels or performing a transabdominal dissection. The proximal extent of dissection was delineated by the presence of ganglion cells seen on frozen section analysis.
Results: The mean operating time was 105 minutes. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. All children had the presence of ganglion cells confirmed postoperatively on permanent sections. The mean hospital stay was 2 days. All children averaged three to six bowel movements per day without oral or enema therapy.
Conclusions: The perineal one-stage operative pull-through (POOP) procedure for Hirschsprung's disease is a quick and easy adaptation of a well-described technique of transanal mucosectomy. Long-term follow-up will be required to determine whether bowel function is better that that seen after traditional staged repairs.