Uniparental isodisomy resulting from 46,XX,i(1p),i(1q) in a woman with short stature, ptosis, micro/retrognathia, myopathy, deafness, and sterility

Am J Med Genet. 1999 Jan 29;82(3):215-8. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1096-8628(19990129)82:3<215::aid-ajmg4>3.0.co;2-z.


We report on a 43-year-old woman who was referred for evaluation because of minor facial anomalies, myopathy, sterility, short stature, hearing loss, downward slant of palpebral fissures, bilateral ptosis, severe micro/retrognathia, high arched palate, and scoliosis. Cytogenetic analyses utilizing GTG/CBG bandings showed presence of one i(1p) and one i(1q) without normal chromosome 1 homologues. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed hybridization to only two chromosomes, consistent with the G-banded interpretation of i(1p) and i(1q). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of isochromosomes 1p and 1q replacing the two normal chromosome 1s. Molecular investigations using markers for chromosome 1 showed inheritance of only one set of paternal alleles and absence of any maternal alleles in the patient. The adverse phenotype of the patient may be due to one or more recessive mutations, genomic imprinting, or a combination of both.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Blepharoptosis / genetics
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1*
  • Deafness / genetics
  • Fathers
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Infertility / genetics
  • Isochromosomes / genetics*
  • Micrognathism / genetics
  • Models, Genetic
  • Myopathies, Nemaline / genetics


  • Genetic Markers