Structure of the glucan-binding sugar chain of Tip1p, a cell wall protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Apr 19;1427(2):133-44. doi: 10.1016/s0304-4165(99)00012-4.


Tip1p is one of the major cell wall mannoproteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is presumed to be synthesized as a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored form. We purified Tip1p from a glucanase extract of yeast cell walls and analyzed the sugar chain involved in the cell wall linkage. One mol of glucanase-extracted Tip1p contained 7.5 mol of glucose derived from glucan and 1 mol of ethanolamine, a component of the GPI anchor. One mol of the C-terminal peptide of Tip1p digested with Achromobacter protease I also contained 7.9 mol of glucose and 1 mol of ethanolamine. On the other hand, Tip1p contained no glucosamine, which is a component of the GPI anchor. The glucan-binding sugar chain of Tip1p was released by hydrazinolysis and isolated. This sugar chain contained ethanolamine with a free amino group and a glucose reducing end, but no mannose reducing end. Phosphodiesterase treatment eliminated the free amino group from this sugar chain, suggesting that a phosphodiester bond exists between the ethanolamine and the glucan remnant. These results indicate (1) the glucan-binding sugar chain of Tip1p is a GPI derivative, and (2) the GPI anchor is cleaved at the glycosyl moiety, and the resultant mannose reducing end is probably used to link Tip1p to cell wall glucan.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry*
  • Carrier Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Endopeptidases
  • Ethanolamine / analysis
  • Glucans / metabolism*
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry*
  • Glycoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Hexoses / analysis
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / chemistry*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*


  • Amino Acids
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Glucans
  • Glycoproteins
  • Hexoses
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • TIP1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • mannoproteins
  • Ethanolamine
  • Endopeptidases