Simultaneous purification and characterization of cytochrome b5 reductase and cytochrome b5 from sheep liver

Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1999 Feb;31(2):345-62. doi: 10.1016/s1357-2725(98)00099-5.

Abstract

Cytochrome b5 was purified from detergent solubilized sheep liver microsomes by using three successive DEAE-cellulose, and Sephadex G-100 column chromatographies. It was purified 54-fold and the yield was 23.5% with respect to microsomes. The apparent Mr of cytochrome b5 was estimated to be 16,200 +/- 500 by SDS-PAGE. Absolute absorption spectrum of the purified cytochrome b5 showed maximal absorption at 412 nm and dithionite-reduced cytochrome b5 gave peaks at 557, 526.5 and 423 nm. The ability of the purified sheep liver cytochrome b5 to transfer electrons from NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase to cytochrome c was investigated. The K(m) and Vmax values were calculated to be 0.088 microM cytochrome b5 and 315.8 microM cytochrome c reduced/min/mg enzyme, respectively. Also the reduction of cytochrome b5 by reductase was studied and K(m) and Vmax values were determined to be 5 microM cytochrome b5 and 5200 nmol cytochrome b5 reduced/min/mg enzyme, respectively. The K(m) and Vmax values for the cofactor NADH in the presence of saturating concentration of cytochrome b5 were found to be 0.0017 mM NADH and 6944 nmol cytochrome b5 reduced/min/mg enzyme, respectively. NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase was also partially purified from the same source, detergent solubilized sheep liver microsomes, by using two successive DEAE-cellulose, and 5'-ADP-agarose affinity column chromatographies. It was purified 144-fold and the yield was 7% with respect to microsomes. The apparent monomer Mr of reductase was estimated to be 34,000 by SDS-PAGE. When ferricyanide was used as an electron acceptor, reductase showed maximum activity between 6.8 and 7.5. The K(m) and Vmax values of the enzyme for ferricyanide were calculated as 0.024 mM ferricyanide and 673 mumol ferricyanide reduced/min/mg enzyme, respectively. The K(m) and Vmax values for the cofactor NADH in the presence of saturating amounts of ferricyanide were found to be 0.020 mM NADH and 699 mumol ferricyanide reduced/min/mg enzyme, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytochrome Reductases / chemistry
  • Cytochrome Reductases / isolation & purification*
  • Cytochrome Reductases / metabolism*
  • Cytochrome c Group / metabolism
  • Cytochrome-B(5) Reductase
  • Cytochromes b5 / chemistry
  • Cytochromes b5 / isolation & purification*
  • Cytochromes b5 / metabolism*
  • Ferricyanides / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Molecular Weight
  • NAD / metabolism
  • Sheep
  • Spectrum Analysis

Substances

  • Cytochrome c Group
  • Ferricyanides
  • NAD
  • hexacyanoferrate III
  • Cytochromes b5
  • Cytochrome Reductases
  • Cytochrome-B(5) Reductase