Evaluation of skiing injuries by Injury Severity Score

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1999 Apr;9(2):110-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1999.tb00218.x.


The goal of this study was to evaluate the Injury Severity Score (ISS) in an alpine area. Hafjell Alpine Centre was the 1994 Winter Olympic Alpine arena in Lillehammer. A total of 2,044,484 lift transportations and 183 injuries were registered in the two winter seasons 1991 and 1992. The injury rate was 1.8 injuries per 1000 skier days. The mean ISS was 3.6 per injury for this particular alpine area. Thirty-six per cent of the injured were women and 35.5% were between 15 and 19 years of age. There was no difference in mean ISS between male and female skiers, but mean ISS was higher in adolescents than in the other age groups. Injuries to the knee represented the single most frequently injured body region, but injuries to the abdomen had the highest mean ISS. Alpine skiers suffered more severe injuries than telemark and snowboard skiers. Severe injuries (ISS > 16) were recorded when unexpected objects, such as a grooming machine, a net, a root, etc., appeared on the slope. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and ISS give us additional information about the condition of the slopes, and their use as a tool in preventing skiing injuries is recommended.

MeSH terms

  • Abbreviated Injury Scale
  • Abdominal Injuries / classification
  • Abdominal Injuries / epidemiology
  • Accidents / statistics & numerical data
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Athletic Injuries / classification
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score*
  • Knee Injuries / classification
  • Knee Injuries / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Sex Factors
  • Skiing / classification
  • Skiing / injuries*