Expression and characterization of HIV type 1 envelope protein associated with a broadly reactive neutralizing antibody response

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1999 Apr 10;15(6):561-70. doi: 10.1089/088922299311088.


We have studied envelope protein from a donor with nonprogressive HIV-1 infection whose serum contains broadly cross-reactive, primary virus NA. DNA was extracted from lymphocytes, which had been collected approximately 6 and 12 months prior to the time of collection of the cross-reactive serum, and env genes were synthesized, cloned, expressed on pseudoviruses, and phenotyped in NA assays. Two clones from each time point had identical V3 region nucleotide sequences, utilized CCR5 but not CXCR4 for cell entry, and had similar reactivities with reference sera. Analysis of the full nucleotide sequence of one clone (R2) demonstrated it to be subtype B and have normal predicted glycosylation. R2 pseudovirus was compared with others expressing env genes of various clades for neutralization by sera from U.S. donors (presumed or known subtype B infections), and from individuals infected with subtypes A, C, D, E, and F viruses. Neutralization by the U.S. sera of R2 and other clade B pseudoviruses was low to moderate, although R2 was uniquely neutralized by all. R2 was neutralized by 3/3, 3/3, 2/5, 5/8, and 3/4 clade A, C, D, E, and F sera, respectively. R2 and a clade E pseudovirus were neutralized by largely complementary groups of sera, potentially defining two antigenic subgroups of HIV-1. The results suggest that the epitope(s) that induced the cross-clade reactive NA in donor 2 may be expressed on the R2 envelope.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Genotype
  • HIV Antibodies / immunology*
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120 / immunology*
  • HIV Infections / immunology*
  • HIV-1 / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Phenotype


  • HIV Antibodies
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF128126