CD14 transgenic mice expressing membrane and soluble forms: comparisons of levels of cytokines and lethalities in response to lipopolysaccharide between transgenic and non-transgenic mice

Int Immunol. 1999 Mar;11(3):333-9. doi: 10.1093/intimm/11.3.333.


Two different metallothionein promoter-mouse CD14 fusion genes were constructed. The membrane form of the CD14 fusion gene, designated M14M, contained the full-length CD14 cDNA sequence, whereas the soluble form of the fusion gene, designated M14S, was truncated to lack the sequence for the phosphatidylinositol-anchoring site. Expression of transgenic RNA in M14M and M14S mice on the basal diet was abundant in the liver. After maintenance with water containing ZnSO4 (50 mM) for 4 days, expression of transgenic RNA in M14M and M14S mice was strong in the small intestine. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated CD14 expression in these organs in M14S and M14M mice. Levels of CD14 in sera from M14S mice after zinc administration were significantly higher than these animals maintained with normal water, M14M mice after zinc administration and non-transgenic mice. Sera from M14S and M14M mice after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide LPS (LPS) demonstrated significantly lower levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and IL-6 than those from non-transgenic mice. Lethality in endotoxin shock produced by i.p. injection of 30-40 microg/g body wt LPS was not different between M14S, M14M and non-transgenic mice. However, survival rates in the lethal Shwartzman reaction induced by priming and challenge injections of LPS were significantly higher in M14M and M14S mice than in non-transgenic mice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis*
  • Female
  • Heterozygote
  • Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis
  • Intestine, Small / immunology
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / genetics*
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / immunology*
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / isolation & purification
  • Lipopolysaccharides / toxicity*
  • Liver / immunology
  • Male
  • Metallothionein / genetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • RNA, Messenger / isolation & purification
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / immunology
  • Shock, Septic / immunology*
  • Shock, Septic / mortality
  • Solubility
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis


  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin-6
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Metallothionein