Interrelation of mandibular laryngeal functions

J Voice. 1999 Mar;13(1):11-24. doi: 10.1016/s0892-1997(99)80057-5.

Abstract

The purpose of the experiment was to explore relations between jaw and laryngeal functions. The general question was whether laryngeal adduction was affected by jaw opening or by jaw biting. Twelve untrained, vocally healthy male and female adults participated as subjects. Subjects produced repeated tokens of /uh/ in each of 12 experimental conditions involving combinations of 3 jaw openings (10 mm, 25 mm, 40 mm), 2 jaw biting pressures (10 kPa, 200 kPa), and 2 fundamental frequencies (conversational and high). For each token, laryngeal adduction was estimated from the electroglottographic closed quotient. The most straightforward results were that (1) laryngeal adduction increased as jaw opening increased at the conversational pitch, for all subjects, independent of biting pressure, and (2) laryngeal adduction increased as biting pressure increased, at the conversational pitch, for males, independent of jaw opening. Other relations between estimated laryngeal adduction and jaw manipulations were more complex, varying with fundamental frequency and gender. Speculations are made about possible biomechanical and neurological explanations for the findings.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Larynx / physiology*
  • Male
  • Mandible / physiology*
  • Phonation / physiology
  • Speech / physiology
  • Voice / physiology