Purpose: A number of pitfalls in single-cell DNA analysis, including undetected DNA contamination, undetected allele drop out, and preferential amplification, may lead to misdiagnosis in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of single-gene disorders.
Methods: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis was performed by sequential first and second polar body analysis of oocytes in 26 couples at risk for having children with various single-gene disorders. Mutant genes were amplified simultaneously with linked polymorphic markers, and only embryos resulting from the mutation-free oocytes predicted by polar body analysis with confirmation by polymorphic marker testing were transferred back to patients.
Results: Overall 529 oocytes from 48 clinical cycles (26 patients) were tested, resulting in the transfer of 106 embryos in 44 clinical cycles. As many as 46 (9.6%) instances of allele dropout were observed, the majority (96%) of which were detected. Seventeen unaffected pregnancies were established, of which nine resulted in the birth of an unaffected child, and the rest are ongoing.
Conclusions: A high accuracy of preimplantation genetic diagnosis of single-gene disorders is achieved by application of sequential analysis of the first and second polar body and multiplex polymerase chain reaction.