Antisense pharmacodynamics: critical issues in the transport and delivery of antisense oligonucleotides

Pharm Res. 1999 Apr;16(4):494-502. doi: 10.1023/a:1011958726518.


This review critically examines current understanding of the kinetics and biodistribution of antisense oligonucleotides, both at the cellular level and at the level of the intact organism. The pharmacodynamic relationships between biodistribution and the ultimate biological effects of antisense agents are considered. The problems and advantages inherent in the use of delivery systems are discussed in the light of further enhancing in vivo pharmacological actions of oligonucleotides.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Drug Delivery Systems*
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / administration & dosage
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacokinetics*
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology*
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense