Purpose: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) computed tomographic (CT) angiography for intracranial aneurysms.
Materials and methods: The 3D CT angiograms obtained in 49 patients with or without intracranial aneurysms were evaluated by four blinded observers. Results were compared with findings at conventional angiography or surgery. A volume-rendering method was used, and 13 images obtained in different directions were reviewed in each study. The diameter of aneurysms was divided into four sizes: large, greater than 13 mm; medium, 5-12 mm; small, 3-4 mm; and very small, less than 3 mm. Results were also evaluated by means of receiver operating characteristic analysis.
Results: At conventional angiography, 47 aneurysms, including 14 less than 3 mm, were depicted in 35 patients. The mean sensitivity of CT angiography for very small aneurysms was 64%; small, 83%; medium, 95%; and large, 100%. Some very small aneurysms that were not depicted at conventional angiography were depicted at CT angiography, and one was proved at surgery.
Conclusion: CT angiography has good sensitivity for depiction of intracranial aneurysms 3 mm or larger and relatively good sensitivity for aneurysms less than 3 mm. CT angiography may be a noninvasive technique for detection of asymptomatic unruptured or ruptured aneurysms.