Shoulder injuries in competitive swimmers

Clin Sports Med. 1999 Apr;18(2):349-59, vii. doi: 10.1016/s0278-5919(05)70150-2.


Sports medicine literature often refers to "swimmer's shoulder." Increasingly, however, it is evident that swimmer's shoulder is a spectrum of maladies whose underlying origins may be incidental to athletic activity. Those dealing with the treatment of swimmers should have a thorough understanding of the differential diagnosis of the shoulder, the age range of competitive swimmers, and the effects of the aging process, and age-related disease processes and should consider the possibilities of neoplasm, degenerative diseases, and acquired processes such as arthritis or metabolic diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries* / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries* / etiology
  • Athletic Injuries* / therapy
  • Competitive Behavior
  • Humans
  • Shoulder Injuries*
  • Sports Medicine / methods
  • Swimming / injuries*