Unchanged cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) expression and metabolism of midazolam, triazolam, and dexamethasone in mdr(-/-) mouse liver microsomes

Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Jun 1;57(11):1227-32. doi: 10.1016/s0006-2952(99)00054-4.


P-Glycoprotein (P-gp) and cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) share common substrates and expression properties, but the relationship of mdrl deficiency to CYP3A-mediated metabolism and protein expression is not established. The in vitro kinetic parameters of CYP3A-mediated metabolism of midazolam (MDZ), triazolam (TRZ), and dexamethasone (DEX) were studied in liver microsomes from three mrdrla(-/-) mice, one mdrla/b(-/-) mouse, and mdrla/b(+/+) controls. The kinetic profiles of CYP3A-mediated MDZ 4-hydroxylation were not significantly different between mdrl-deficient animals and controls. Overall mean (+/- SEM, N = 8) values were: Vmax, 0.74+/-0.05 nmol/min/mg protein; Km, 28.2+/-2.7 microM; and estimated intrinsic clearance, 0.026+/-0.003 mL/min/mg protein. Likewise, rates of formation of alpha-OH- and 4-OH-TRZ (from 500 microM TRZ), and of DEX metabolites sensitive to ketoconazole inhibition, M1 and M5 (from 20 microM DEX), did not differ between mdrl-deficient and control animals. Immunoquantified microsomal CYP3A protein levels in mdrla(-/-), mdrla/b(-/-), and mdrla/b(+/+) mice were not different, with overall mean immunoreactive protein levels of 2.68+/-0.09 pmol/microg protein. Although CYP3A and P-gp share aspects of activity and expression, disruption of the mdrl genes does not affect CYP3A-mediated metabolism or protein expression in the mouse.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / genetics
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases*
  • Biotransformation
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Dexamethasone / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Microsomes, Liver / metabolism*
  • Midazolam / metabolism*
  • Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating / biosynthesis*
  • Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating / genetics
  • Triazolam / metabolism*


  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Triazolam
  • Dexamethasone
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating
  • Midazolam