Cardiovascular and thermal responses in rats during 94 GHz irradiation

Bioelectromagnetics. 1999;20(4):264-7.


We investigated the thermal distribution and cardiovascular effects produced by sustained exposure of rats to 94 GHz radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation (RFR). Sixteen ketamine-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed individually at a power density of 75 mW/cm2 under far-field conditions in E orientation. Irradiation began when colonic temperature was 37 degrees C and continued until death. Large, immediate increases in subcutaneous temperature on the irradiated side were accompanied by more moderate, delayed increases in colonic temperature. These body-temperature responses were similar to previous results obtained during 35 GHz RFR exposure. During irradiation, arterial blood pressure initially increased and then precipitously decreased until death. The heart rate increased throughout the exposure period. When comparing the results of these 94 GHz exposures with those in previous studies of lower RFR frequencies, it appears that the patterns of heart-rate and blood-pressure changes that occur before death are similar. We conclude that exposure to 94 GHz RFR produces extreme peripheral heating without similar levels of core heating and that this pattern of heat deposition is sufficient to produce circulatory failure and subsequent death.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / radiation effects
  • Body Temperature / radiation effects*
  • Cardiovascular System / radiation effects*
  • Cause of Death
  • Colon
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Heart Rate / radiation effects
  • Male
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Shock / etiology
  • Skin Temperature / radiation effects
  • Survival Rate