Objectives: The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationship between food and beverage consumption and the development of breast cancer in men.
Methods: Possible relationships of dietary factors to risk of breast cancer in men were assessed in a case-control study conducted between 1983 and 1986. Cases (N = 220) were ascertained from ten population-based cancer registries. Controls (N = 291) were selected by random-digit dialing (< age 65) and from Health Care Financing Administration Medicare beneficiary lists (> or = age 65).
Results: No trends in risk were observed with increasing intakes of specific foods, except for an increase in risk with citrus fruits. No increase in risk with increasing amounts of specific fats, vitamins, or minerals or with amounts of protein, fiber, carbohydrate, starches, nitrites, or alcohol consumed was observed, except for an increase in risk with dietary vitamin C consumption. A decreasing trend in risk with dietary niacin and with coffee and an increasing trend in risk with tea consumption were observed. No associations were found with use of any dietary supplements, including vitamin C.
Conclusions: The observed associations are not consistent with findings from studies of breast cancer in women and probably do not represent causal relationships. Dietary factors are unlikely to be strong determinants of breast cancer in men.