The making of a flower: control of floral meristem identity in IT>Arabidopsis/IT>

Trends Plant Sci. 1999 Feb;4(2):64-70. doi: 10.1016/s1360-1385(98)01369-7.


During the reproductive phase of a plant, shoot meristems follow one of two developmental programs to produce either flowers or vegetative shoots. The decision as to which meristems give rise to flowers, and when they do so, determines the general morphology of an inflorescence. Molecular and genetic research in Arabidopsis and other model species has identified several genes that control the identity that a meristem will adopt. These meristem identity genes are activated in response to developmental and environmental cues, and can be assigned to three basic categories: those required either to initiate or maintain the floral program in some meristems and those required to maintain the vegetative program in others.