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Review
, 48 (3), 142-56

[Tracheostomy in Intensive Care]

[Article in German]
Affiliations
Review

[Tracheostomy in Intensive Care]

[Article in German]
K Westphal et al. Anaesthesist.

Abstract

Tracheostomy is one of the oldest surgical procedures and in the past decades has become the method of choice in the management of patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. At present, several alternatives exist to conventional surgical tracheostomy, such as the percutaneous dilatational techniques according to Ciaglia (PDT), Griggs (GWDF), and Schachner (Rapitrach). In particular, PDT according to Ciaglia which was introduced in 1985, has been recognized as an equally safe, but less expensive procedure than conventional tracheostomy. Fantoni's translaryngeal percutaneous technique is another new and safe procedure, which was first performed in 1996. Nonetheless, we believe that percutaneous procedures should only be performed by experienced physicians who are well-trained in both endotracheal intubation and mask ventilation. Furthermore, the capacity to perform surgical tracheostomy immediately in case of complications should be given. Only if the contraindications are carefully observed, will these new procedures retain their value and benefit in airway management of long-term ventilated patients.

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