Simple and complex stent strategies for bifurcated coronary arterial stenosis involving the side branch origin

Am J Cardiol. 1999 May 1;83(9):1320-5. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00093-4.

Abstract

Coronary lesions located in major bifurcations constitute a challenge for the use of stents. Although the occlusion of a side branch covered by a stent is infrequent, the maintenance of a patent, stenosis-free bifurcation may result in a complex procedure. Between September 1994 and April 1998, 70 patients were treated by stent implantation for coronary bifurcation stenosis. The side branch always had a diameter >2 mm. The pairs of treated arteries were: left anterior descending (LAD)/diagonal artery in 32 patients, circumflex/obtuse marginal in 26, right coronary/posterior descending artery in 5, and LAD/circumflex in 7. We applied 2 different techniques of stent implantation: (1) deployment of 1 stent in the parent vessel covering the takeoff of the side branch and subsequent angioplasty of the side branch across the metallic structure (group A, n = 47 patients), and (2) implantation of 1 stent at the ostium of the side branch and complete reconstruction of the entire bifurcation with additional implantation of 1 or 2 stents at the parent vessel (group B, n = 23 patients). There were no significant differences between groups at baseline variables. Procedural success was similar in both groups: 42 (89%) in group A versus 21 (91%) in group B. However, major cardiac events at 18 months follow-up were higher in group B (event-free probability 44% vs 75%, p <0.05). Selected patients with coronary stenosis at major bifurcations can be treated with an acceptable rate of primary and late success. Complex techniques providing radical stent reconstruction of the bifurcation seems to provide no advantages over the simpler stent jail followed by ostial side branch balloon dilation.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Catheterization
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Disease / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome