Effects of alcohol use and gender on the dynamics of EKG time-series data

Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1999 Apr;23(4):745-50.


Hurst analysis of EKG data obtained from a population of alcoholic (n = 13) and nonalcoholic (n = 48) subjects was undertaken. Potential subjects (n = 120) were screened using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III instruments. Data from subjects with a diagnosis of current alcohol dependence were analyzed. Subjects with diagnoses such as major depression, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia (Axis I diagnoses), or personality disorders (Axis II diagnoses) were excluded from analysis. Subjects undergoing testing were free of alcohol and illicit drugs. Alcoholic subjects had no clinical evidence of alcohol withdrawal symptoms at the time of testing. EKG data were obtained with eyes open or with eyes closed. Approximately 3.5 min of data were obtained for each condition. Alcoholic subjects had less complex heart rate dynamics as evidenced by higher values of H = 0.18 +/- 0.05 (mean +/- SEM), compared with healthy comparison subjects with H = 0.09 +/- 0.02, p < 0.014 for the eyes closed condition, and H = 0.17 +/- 0.05 (mean +/- SEM) compared with healthy comparison subjects with H = 0.07 +/- 0.02,p < 0.011 for the eyes open condition. A gender effect was seen, with female subjects showing evidence of more complex heart rate dynamics than male subjects.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / physiopathology
  • Alcoholism / physiopathology*
  • Electrocardiography / drug effects*
  • Electrocardiography / statistics & numerical data
  • Ethanol / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Fractals
  • Heart Rate / drug effects*
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nonlinear Dynamics
  • Sex Factors
  • Temperance


  • Ethanol